Creating a Ph.D. dissertation is an important and responsible task. However, the writing of such a large and complex paper is not very difficult; you only need to understand the rules of its creation. Here are some tips and tricks that will help you create a good PhD dissertation.
A Ph.D. dissertation is a scientific research presented for obtaining a Ph.D. degree. The title page should be formatted in accordance with the requirements of the university or college, which are prescribed in the guidelines. There is a specific example of formatting the title page in each educational institution. As a rule, the title page indicates the name of the institution, the name of the department where the student is studying, his or her specialty, the topic of the Ph.D. dissertation, the full name of the student and his supervisor, the year of writing, and the city where the institution is located.
Content (table of contents) is an obligatory part of any scientific work, including the Ph.D. dissertation research. As a rule, it is placed in the beginning, immediately after the title page. The content indicates the main sections of the work and the corresponding pages.
The introduction is the presentation of the Ph.D. dissertation of the work, so its preparation must be very serious. As a rule, the beginning of the work repeats its author’s abstract and includes the urgency of the work, the novelty, and reliability of the proposed methods and solutions, the hypothesis, practical and scientific significance.
The novelty of the Ph.D. dissertation reflects the laws, regularities, dependencies, properties, phenomena, research methods, new technologies and methods of substantiating their parameters, etc.
The author confirms the reliability of the proposed methods and solutions, as well as the materials presented, thanks to the list of sources used, which is partially given in the introduction, where the emphasis is on the authors most significant for the study.
The hypothesis is the position put forward as a preliminary, conditional explanation of a certain phenomenon or group of phenomena. The hypothesis plays the role of a guiding principle directing and correcting further observations and experiments, proposed on the basis of certain knowledge of the circle of phenomena under study.
The purpose of the work is displayed in accordance with the topic name. The dissertation topic should not be confused with the purpose of dissertational research. The theme answers the question “What have you done?” (Or will be done), and the purpose says “Why is it done?” This is the aim of the work.
Practical and scientific significance reflects the realization of scientific novelty and testifies to the justification, the necessity of carrying out dissertational research, allowing something to create and improve, namely, to obtain a certain effect and benefit.
Methods of research are associated with the prevalence of thinking activity, with the comprehension, classification, and processing of the material such as analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, induction, generalization, classification, modeling, practical (empirical) methods, observation, comparison, measurement, experiment, description.
The Ph.D. dissertation includes the theoretical and practical parts. There you should show an analytical review of the sources on the topic, an extensive justification for choosing the direction of research, and an outline of the overall concept of the work. You must present description of the objects of research and methods used in the research, equipment; presentation of the theoretical and/or experimental studies performed in the work; analysis and synthesis of research results.
The distribution of the main material of the dissertation on the chapters and the structuring of the sections are determined by the author<. Conclusions for each chapter include the results of the above material, the concentrate of the most important aspects of the work, which should not contradict the study, but confirm the writer’s thoughts.
The conclusion is the reflection of the result of all the research done, presenting the solution to the problems and goals set in the introduction, as well as the main subjects of the Ph.D. dissertation. The prospects of further development of this scientific direction can be discussed in it. In the presence of acts, certificates on the implementation of the results obtained, copyright certificates, patents, other materials relating to intellectual property objects registered in accordance with the established procedure, references to these documents should be made in the relevant paragraphs of this subsection.
The list of sources includes, as a rule, about one hundred and fifty or more titles. They are books, methodical instructions, scientific articles, dissertational studies, etc. Modern educational institutions require the use of fresh sources, published no more than ten and even five years ago. However, the topic of the work may include publications that are more recent. The title should include the author’s surname and initials, the name of the source, the year of publication, the number of pages in the book (article).
The appendix is the mandatory and informative part, which explains or proves the research by additional data or may be of a reference nature. It can include tables, questionnaires, drawings, graphs, charts, formulas, drawings, etc. Each application should start with a new sheet (page) with the words “appendix.”
Tips on Effective PhD Dissertation Writing
It is very useful to find themes, through which you can reflect your professional activities with the help of analytical procedures and research questions. This is one of the possible heuristic techniques. Any topic has an expert who knows a lot about it. However, you know your own experience very well.
Before you start writing a Ph.D. dissertation, you need to study many sources of information. Use citations from scientific works in your work. It is better to avoid newspaper publications or blog posts.
Writing a Ph.D. dissertation is a job that takes a lot of time. Therefore, it is very important to plan it correctly. Begin looking for materials and writing a paper right away as soon as you decide on the topic. Remember, the work written in a month cannot qualify for good criticism, because it will necessarily have a lot of inaccuracies.
Do not get hung up on writing your Ph.D. dissertation, remember you need rest and healthy sleep. Outdoor walks will help you to improve your well-being and activate the work of the brain. Do not forget about proper eating and physical activity.
Many authors are very worried that they will not have time to create a good piece and some writers start to work at night. This is not the best way to write a Ph.D. dissertation. The level of attentiveness falls at nighttime, and the brain starts to work less efficiently. As a result, you will get a paper with a lot of mistakes. In addition, you will not have time to have a healthy sleep.
It is very important to reread the final variant of the work several times and make sure that you have fixed all the errors. If you are in doubt about your competence, use the services of a professional editor. He or she will tell you how to change your paper.
Feel free to call the professor or arrange a meeting. Academics have a lot of experience in writing serious scientific papers. It will be difficult for you to write a good work without their help.
Read several examples of successful Ph.D. dissertations. Find works from your area of expertise. Explore what structure has the proper paper and what should be the correct formatting. Study the sources of information that the authors used; they can be useful to you too.