The humans discover the surrounding world through the complex mechanisms of perception and analysis. Largely, the experience of the external world is the psychological process, which involves various mental activities and processes such as attention, memory, thinking, and imagination. However, the perception of the world is impossible without the five basic senses. They allow humans discovering different aspects of surroundings and interacting with other individuals. In fact, the five senses combine the physical and psychological mechanisms for complex and diverse perception of the world. Thus, they play a crucial role in the human lives since they considerably contribute to the perception of the world and formation of the corresponding association and images with different objects, events and phenomena.
Traditionally, the researchers debate five essential senses typical for the human organism. Each of them is responsible for perceiving a certain part of the external world. In complex, the five senses help to build an objective, complete the picture of the world and investigate its main peculiarities and characteristics. The human sight is responsible for perceiving the diversity of colors, degree of illumination and level of saturation. The three most important features of the sight satisfy the perception of the world by humans.
The sense of hearing can perceive the variety of voice pitches, timbres and degree of loudness. These properties allow the human ear identifying the source of sound, its potential message and purpose (de Vries, 2011). Therefore, people can react to the vice message properly and optimally.
The sense of taste sends different signals to the brain. It is especially important at the early stages of human development. Mostly, small children use it to investigate the surroundings and discover the external world. The taste is also essential for indicating different types of products and identifying the harmful or dangerous substances, which may badly affect the human health (de Vries, 2011). The sense of touch transfers the information about the temperature, pain and pressure. The taste is responsible for distinguishing between various types of flavors and identifying the potential value and nutrition of the food products (de Vries, 2011).
Finally, the sense of smell allows humans differentiating between the diversity of fragrances and odors in the world. Its primary aim is the identification of the safe conditions and protection of human life and health from the dangerous conditions (Yantis, 2013). The smell is capable of perceiving different chemical substances and identifying the objects and living beings based on their fragrances (de Vries, 2011). Thus, one should note that all the senses play an important role it the human lives performing a number of vital functions.
Without doubts, five traditional human senses, namely vision, hearing, smell, taste, and touch, are the primary transmitters of information about the world. The malfunctioning of any of the five senses results in the impartial and insufficient comprehension of the external world and its peculiarities. The human senses act as physiological mechanisms of perception though they include the psychological means of analysis largely. Obviously, the five senses are important units of world perception, and the following reasons explain their significance for the humans.
To start with, the five senses are the basic tools, which provide humans with the information about the surrounding world. The vision responsible for capturing and analyzing about 70% of achieved information allows humans distinguishing the shape, form, color, size, occupation, and location of the objects, living beings or natural phenomena (Blakely, 2015). Using sight, humans are able to achieve the information from books, television and other media sources. Thus, it is obvious that the sense of vision plays a crucial role in the experience of all objects, situations and events in the world.
In addition, the other senses such as hearing, taste, smell, and touch are important transmitters of information. For example, hearing is responsible for distinguishing human languages, getting sound signals and understanding voice records. Analogically, smell and taste are of paramount value for recognizing objects and living beings as well as understanding their properties and appearance (de Vries, 2011). The touch provides useful information concerning the temperature of the objects as well as their potential influence on the humans. Therefore, the five senses are essential elements of discovering the world and learning its parts and characteristics.
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Additionally to the informative functions, the five senses assist in recognizing the danger, informing about any threats and protecting humans from the destructive or negative influences of the surroundings. This function clearly witnesses the importance of five senses for humans as they are capable of saving lives and avoiding dangerous circumstances (de Vries, 2011). Thus, the sense of sight allows the humans noticing the obstacles, accidents or warning signals, which keep them away from the source of danger. For example, people do not cross the road when the traffic light is red since it witnesses the prohibition to move. Thus, the perception of colors helps to avoid the accidents and follow the legal regulations.
Similarly, hearing is responsible for recognizing alarms, warning signals or intonations of voice to prevent the disaster and avoid the negative consequences (Yantis, 2013). For instance, the fire truck’s siren allows people understanding the emergence of flames and necessity to leave the dangerous zone. The screams of wild animals witness the approaching of the danger and necessity to take measures to overcome it. Furthermore, the anxious intonation of voice presupposes some danger or catastrophe, which calls for the increased attention and carefulness.
The sense of smell and taste assists in distinguishing between the edible and non-edible products as well as ascertaining the value and suitability of meals (Yantis, 2013). Thus, the human organism prevents itself from the potential poisoning and indigestions. The smell may indicate the danger; for example, gas emissions or emergence of fire. The warning function of touch consists in the identification of the source of danger examining its structure or temperature. For instance, touching the hot object sends a signal to the brain to avoid the further contact with it. Thus, the five senses play an important role in informing about the upcoming danger and protecting humans from the potential threats.
It is essential to admit about the role of five senses in the process of communication and interaction. Commonly, the five senses take part in the interpersonal communication and allow humans to get more information concerning the context, interlocutor, subject matter, and situation of conversation. For instance, eye contact, posture, handshaking, the usage of perfumes, voice intonations, facial expressions, and gestures are crucial for the interpersonal communication and interaction (de Mooij, 2014). The perception of the conversation using the five senses strongly facilitates the comprehension of the subject and establishment of friendly relations with other individuals.
Moreover, the communication is virtually impossible without hearing. This sense is capable of perceiving the information in the form of a language, music or other signals. The ear can perceive a great variety of sounds and noises, which informs about the situation of speaking and interlocutors. In addition, the sight facilitates the indirect communication, which involves the usage of letters, e-mails, online notifications, or chatting. In any case, vision and hearing are crucial units of the interpersonal communication, which define the fruitfulness and effectiveness of every conversation (de Mooij, 2014).
However, it is impossible to underestimate the role of taste, touch and smell in the communication. The newborns and toddlers who discover the world through their smell and taste receptors mostly use these senses. For example, babies communicate with their parents touching them, embracing, holding their hands, and touching the surrounding toys and other objects. Additionally, children taste all the new things to define their properties, size and functions. Thus, at this stage of human development, the senses of touch, smell and taste serve as the basic forms of communication and perception of the world (de Mooij, 2014).
Overall, the five senses satisfy the requirements of the interpersonal communication and considerably facilitate the process of human interaction. They are important for perceiving the interlocutors and forming the right picture about the conversation. From this perspective, the five senses play an important role in human lives functioning as the necessary units of the interpersonal communication.
The five senses play an important role in the human lives. They perform a number of functions crucial for the proper perception of the world, establishment of the interpersonal relationships, and protection of individual health and welfare from the potential threats and risks. Thus, the five senses perform the informative, educative, protective, and warning functions. In addition, they significantly facilitate the process of communication and actively participate in the discovery of the world. The five senses allow people understanding the world and forming their picture and outlook. Moreover, they significantly help humans to avoid danger and threats identifying the potential risks on distance. Therefore, it is important to take the required care of the organs of senses since the malfunctioning of any of them results in the inappropriate and insufficient perception of the world.